Energy spend as a percentage of total household expenditure (UK)

Chart

Source: Ofgem calculations (ONS family spending data).

Information correct as of: June 2018

This graph shows the percentage of total household expenditure spent on energy for every year since 1993.  Total household expenditure includes housing costs and energy spend refers to spend on electricity, gas and other fuels. It gives figures for households in the lowest and highest 10% of incomes, as well as an average figure for all UK households.

Energy spend as a percentage of household expenditure combines two related data points from the Office for National Statistics (ONS); Household expenditure, and spending on electricity, gas and other fuels. It is presented on the basis of income deciles with the households with the lowest incomes in the lowest decile.

Policy Areas:

  • Domestic consumers

Data Table

Energy spend as a percentage of total household expenditure (UK)

YearLowest 10%Highest 10%All households
199311.60%3.00%4.80%
199410.90%3.00%4.60%
199510.30%2.80%4.50%
19969.90%2.80%4.30%
19979.10%2.50%3.90%
19987.00%2.10%3.30%
19996.50%2.00%3.20%
20006.80%2.00%3.10%
20015.90%1.90%2.90%
20025.70%1.90%2.90%
20035.60%1.90%2.90%
20045.50%2.00%2.90%
20055.80%2.10%3.10%
20066.60%2.40%3.50%
20076.40%2.60%3.70%
20088.40%2.70%4.00%
20098.50%3.00%4.70%
20107.30%3.10%4.50%
20117.80%3.10%4.60%
20127.80%3.20%4.70%
201310.40%3.30%5.10%
20149.80%3.20%4.90%
20159.70%2.90%4.40%
20168.40%2.60%4.00%

More information

At-a-glance summary

In 2016, UK households were spending on average 4.0% of their total expenditure on energy, up from approximately 3% in the early 2000s. In 2016, households in the lowest income decile spent nearly 8.5% of their total expenditure on energy, this is down from the 10.6% observed in 2013 but well above 5.5% in 2004.

In 2015 the ONS changed how it reported data, from reporting the calendar year to the financial year. It reported both figures for 2014. From 2015-16 the chart reflects financial years rather than calendar years.

Relevance 

Energy is an essential service required for health and wellbeing. Consuming below the level of accepted thermal comfort may have serious health consequences, while worrying about how to meet fuel bills can also have psychological effects

Date correct
June 2018
Policy area