Energy spend as a percentage of total household expenditure (UK)

Chart

Source: Ofgem calculations (ONS family spending data).

Information correct as of: October 2017

This graph shows the percentage of total household expenditure spent on energy. Total household expenditure includes housing costs and energy spend refers to spend on electricity, gas and other fuels. It gives figures for households in the lowest and highest 10% of incomes, as well as an average figure for all UK households.

Policy Areas:

  • Domestic consumers

Data Table

Energy spend as a percentage of total household expenditure (UK)

YearLowest 10%Highest 10%All households
199311.6%3.0%4.8%
199410.9%3.0%4.6%
199510.3%2.8%4.5%
19969.9%2.8%4.3%
19979.1%2.5%3.9%
19987.0%2.1%3.3%
19996.5%2.0%3.2%
20006.8%2.0%3.1%
20015.9%1.9%2.9%
20025.7%1.9%2.9%
20035.6%1.9%2.9%
20045.5%2.0%2.9%
20055.8%2.1%3.1%
20066.6%2.4%3.5%
20076.4%2.6%3.7%
20088.4%2.7%4.0%
20098.5%3.0%4.7%
20107.3%3.1%4.5%
20117.8%3.1%4.6%
20127.8%3.2%4.7%
201310.4%3.3%5.1%
20149.8%3.2%4.9%
20159.7%2.9%4.4%

More information

Energy spend as a percentage household expenditure: At-a-glance summary

In 2015, UK households were spending on average 4.4% of their total expenditure on energy, up from approximately 3% in the early 2000s. In 2015, households in the lowest income decile spent nearly 10% of their total expenditure on energy, up from approximately 5% in 2004. However, while the average share of energy spend in household budgets has increased since 2004, in 2015 it was at a similar level to that in 1996.

In 2015 the ONS changed how it reported data, from reporting the calendar year to the financial year. It reported both figures for 2014. The figure for 2014 are calendar year and the figure for 2015 is the 2015/16 financial year. 

Relevance 

Energy is an essential service required for health and wellbeing. Consuming below the level of accepted thermal comfort may have serious health consequences, while worrying about how to meet fuel bills can also have psychological effects

Date correct
October 2017
Policy area