Here you can view the profiles and biographies of our directors.
Jonathan Brearley became Ofgem's Chief Executive Officer on 3 February 2020. This follows his previous appointment as our Executive Director for Systems and Networks in April 2018.
He has wide-ranging energy sector experience, having led Electricity Market Reform as the Director for Energy Markets and Networks at DECC. Prior to this, he was Director of the Office of Climate Change, a cross-government strategy unit focussed on climate change and energy issues, where he led the development of the Climate Change Act. Earlier in his career, Jonathan was a senior adviser in the Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit.
He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics and Physics from Glasgow University and a Master’s degree in Economics from the University of Cambridge.
Consumers and Markets
Mary Starks joined Ofgem in September 2018 and oversees Ofgem's work to protect consumers' interests in the retail and wholesale energy markets, including putting in place a price cap for all those on poor value default deals.
Mary joined from the Financial Conduct Authority where she was the Director of Competition (as part of a job-share) and Chief Economist. She has over two decades' regulatory and public policy experience.
Before joining the FCA, she was Senior Director at the Office of Fair Trading, where she oversaw the watchdog's work in financial services, legal and professional services, health, education and infrastructure. Mary has also worked on energy regulation at NERA Economic Consulting, and at the New Zealand Commerce Commission. She began her career at the Bank of England.
She is a trustee of Working Families, a leading UK charity helping parents, carers and employers find a better balance between the responsibilities of home and work.
Director, Future Retail Markets
Philippa is the Director of our Future Retail Markets Portfolio. This team is responsible for developing a future retail market, which supports innovation and delivers better outcomes for all consumers as part of a low-carbon, smarter energy system.
Philippa has been at Ofgem for more than a decade. Previous to her current role, she led our work to regulate the Electricity System Operator and to deliver legal separation of the Electricity System Operator within National Grid plc. As part of this, she oversaw the introduction of a new regulatory and incentives framework for the Electricity System Operator. She has previously led Ofgem’s work relating to the evolving distribution system operator role; security of supply, wholesale market design, including the Capacity Market, wholesale market conduct and smart metering.
Director, Conduct and Enforcement
Anthony Pygram became Director for Conduct and Enforcement in April 2018. He is responsible for Ofgem’s oversight of retail and wholesale markets, including taking action to address or prevent problems arising, and for all of Ofgem’s enforcement activity, ensuring strong signals are sent to the market about the standards that are expected. Anthony joined Ofgem in 2011 and has at different times since then been Partner for Enforcement & Competition Policy and for Consumers. From July to December 2015 Anthony headed up Ofgem’s Sustainable Development Division.
Before joining Ofgem Anthony was an Inquiry Director at the Competition Commission, leading, amongst other things, investigations into payment protection insurance and whether BAA should be required to sell Stansted Airport. Prior to this, Anthony held various posts at the (then) Department of Trade & Industry. Anthony’s early career was in research and development of industrial materials.
Systems and Networks
Interim Executive Director
Cathryn joined in 2013 as the Legal Director for E-Serve environmental schemes and our offshore transmission tenders regime. Between 2016 and 2018, she was Partner for Wholesale Markets and Legal in the Energy Systems division, leading on the provision of legal advice and on Ofgem’s oversight of the wholesale energy market, gas systems issues and settlement reform. In April 2018, she was appointed Director of Wholesale Markets and Commercial, and in November 2019, the role of Interim Executive Director of Systems and Networks.
Before joining Ofgem, Cathryn worked in both the public and private sectors. She was the Deputy General Counsel at the Department for Transport, having headed up teams advising on aviation and rail regulation. She has extensive competition, regulatory and procurement law experience, having also worked for the Competition Commission and Linklaters EU and Competition Group. Previously, she worked in the litigation division of the Treasury Solicitor’s Department and as Assistant to the European Speakers Counsel at the House of Commons. She holds a PhD from the European University Institute in Florence.
Director, Network Price Controls
Akshay is responsible for the economic regulation of transmission and distribution networks in the gas and electricity sectors in Great Britain, including the development of the next generation of network price controls called RIIO2. He joined Ofgem in 2017, and was previously responsible for the delivery of multi-billion pound investment regimes in the onshore and offshore transmission, and cross-border interconnection sectors.
Prior to joining Ofgem, Akshay was on secondment from HM Treasury to Transport for London, where he led TfL’s work on funding transport infrastructure in London by capturing the uplift in land and property values associated with transport projects such as Barking Riverside Extension, Crossrail 2 and the Bakerloo Line Extension. This followed a spell of five years at HM Treasury, where Akshay directed energy and transport projects for Infrastructure UK, a specialist infrastructure unit responsible for the planning, prioritisation, funding, financing and delivery of economic infrastructure. He has been involved in the design and delivery of electricity market reform, the competition for carbon capture and storage, the development of the new nuclear energy programme, the reform of the strategic roads network and regeneration projects such as the Northern Line extension to Battersea Power Station in London, the UK’s first large scale tax increment financing scheme. He also directed the production of the National Infrastructure Plan in 2011.
Earlier in his career, Akshay worked for ten years with Partnerships UK, a joint venture between HM Treasury and the private sector, on the delivery of projects in the transport, health, education and housing sectors under the Government’s private finance initiative. He started his career in India, where he worked in investment banking and project finance for energy, transport and industrial projects for the IL&FS Group, a major Indian financial institution. Akshay studied economics, finance, management, and bioscience, at the London School of Economics, the universities of London and Delhi, and the Indian Institute of Management.
Director, Energy System Transition
Frances joined Ofgem in January 2015 and is the director for Energy Systems Transmission, with responsibility for the integration and transition of energy systems. This involves overseeing all aspects of network charging, access and system operation across the electricity and gas networks, and leading Ofgem’s work on the future of gas and heat.
Before joining Ofgem, Frances was a director in the Economic Advisory Practice at EY where she specialised in the energy sector. Prior to that, she was a competition investigation director at the Office of Fair Trading. Frances has a masters degree in economics from LSE and a bachelors degree in engineering physics.
Full biographical profile will be published soon.
Office for Research and Economics
Joe Perkins joined Ofgem as Chief Economist in July 2016. He is responsible for Ofgem’s analytical strategy and quality assurance, and analysis of potential energy sector developments. He leads Ofgem’s economics profession, promoting the quality of analysis across Ofgem, and represents Ofgem economics in external forums. He is a member of the Government Economic Service board and is Ofgem’s senior representative on the UK Regulators Network.
Joe was previously director for regulation, consumers and competition at the National Audit Office, responsible for value for money audits of economic and financial regulation and the competition and consumer protection regimes. He has also worked as an economist at HM Treasury and Oxford University.
Patricia (Trish) is responsible for the E-Serve division. E-Serve administers renewable energy and social schemes on behalf of government. The division designs, sets up and delivers large scale schemes in the sustainability sector. We strive to do this efficiently and effectively to enable government to meet its aims of reducing CO2 emissions, improving energy efficiency and reducing fuel poverty.
Before joining us, Trish worked in the outsourcing sector, focused on procurement, finance and administration solutions and services for clients across the banking, aerospace, defence and retail sectors. Her most recent role was MD UK accounts and Director, Strategy and Technology. Before this, Trish held various leadership roles in shared services, product development, acquisition, implementation and production management within both the outsourcing and spirits and wine sector.
Trish graduated from Strathclyde University with a BEng (Hons) in Manufacturing Systems Engineering and a Masters in Business Administration.
Office of General Counsel
Euan McVicar became General Counsel in August 2018. He is responsible for leading the Ofgem legal team, providing legal advice to GEMA and managing legal risk and is a member of the executive leadership team.
Before joining Ofgem Euan was General Counsel and Company Secretary at the Green Investment Bank (GIB) and was part of the team who took the bank through a successful privatisation process in 2017. Post-acquisition of GIB by the Macquarie Group, Euan took on the role of Head of Transaction Structuring within Macquarie Capital. Prior to this Euan was a partner in the law firm Pinsent Masons where he led the firm’s Energy Transactions and Advisory team.
Full biographical profile will be published soon.
Carola is one of the legal directors primarily looking after the Consumers and Markets division. She joined Ofgem in 2013. She heads the legal team advising on enforcement policy and enforcement casework, compliance, the innovation link, better regulation and information law.
Carola has extensive experience of practising law in the public sector. Prior to joining Ofgem, Carola held positions as deputy legal director in the Cabinet Office, the Department of Culture, Media and Sports and the Department for Education. Previously she was a senior lawyer in local government.
Full biographical profile will be published soon.
Acting Legal Director
James joined Ofgem in 2014 and is currently an Acting Legal Director in the Office of the General Counsel, responsible for leading the E-Serve Legal team and providing legal support to the E-Serve division, which administers a wide range of renewable energy and social schemes on behalf of government. Before joining Ofgem James was a senior lawyer at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, where he worked in a number of advisory roles and was a legislative drafting specialist. He joined Defra from the law Commission, where he worked on law reform projects in the commercial and common law field. James began his career at the Bar and also spent a number of years as a lecturer on the Bar Vocational Course.