Estimated network costs per domestic customer (GB average)

Chart

Javascript is required to render chart Estimated network costs per domestic customer (GB average).

Source: Ofgem analysis of network companies’ cost information .

Information correct as of: March 2019

This chart shows our estimate of trends in the annual cost of the different components of network charges for a domestic customer with a fixed amount of consumption. Balancing Services Use of System charges are not included in the chart.

Click the ‘more information’ tab above for a summary of the latest trends, an explanation of network costs and for further detail on how we calculate the costs.

Policy Areas:

  • Electricity - distribution
  • Electricity - transmission
  • Gas - distribution
  • Gas - transmission

Data Table

Estimated network costs per domestic customer (GB average)
Annualised network costsElectricity (transmission)Electricity (distribution)Gas (transmission)Gas (distribution)
Apr-1532969120
May-1532969120
Jun-1532969120
Jul-1532969120
Aug-1532969120
Sep-1532969120
Oct-1532969120
Nov-1532969120
Dec-1532969120
Jan-1632969120
Feb-1632969120
Mar-1632969120
Apr-16391019120
May-16391019120
Jun-16391019120
Jul-16391019120
Aug-16391019120
Sep-16391019120
Oct-16391019120
Nov-16391019120
Dec-16391019120
Jan-17391019120
Feb-17391019120
Mar-17391019120
Apr-1737909114
May-1737909114
Jun-1737909114
Jul-1737909114
Aug-1737909114
Sep-1737909114
Oct-1737909114
Nov-1737909114
Dec-1737909114
Jan-1837909114
Feb-1837909114
Mar-1837909114
Apr-1835859113
May-1835859113
Jun-1835859113
Jul-1835859113
Aug-1835859113
Sep-1835859113
Oct-1835859113
Nov-1835859113
Dec-1835859113
Jan-1935859113
Feb-1935859113
Mar-1935859113
Apr-19358710114
May-19358710114
Jun-19358710114
Jul-19358710114
Aug-19358710114
Sep-19358710114
Oct-19358710114
Nov-19358710114
Dec-19358710114
Jan-20358710114
Feb-20358710114
Mar-20358710114

More information

Estimated network costs per domestic customer: At-a-glance summary

  • The majority of network costs for a domestic customer are for the use of the gas and electricity distribution networks.
  • For a household whose consumption does not change, on average across GB network costs in 2019/20 will increase for gas distribution, electricity distribution, and gas transmission. For electricity transmission, costs compared to the previous charging year will rise broadly in line with inflation.
  • Actual costs will vary depending on where a customer lives, how much energy they use, and what type of meter they have.

What are network costs?

Suppliers are charged for the costs to build, maintain, improve and operate the energy networks. Most of the networks are owned by monopoly businesses. Therefore through regulation, we limit the revenue that these companies can recover from customer charges to run the networks.

The network charges paid by suppliers vary depending on where their customers live, what type of meter they have, when energy is used and how much energy they use. In total, these charges accounted for approximately a fifth of a dual fuel bill in 2019.

Different charges apply for the high voltage/pressure transmission networks (which take electricity and gas around Great Britain) and the lower voltage/pressure distribution networks, which connect customers to the overall networks.

As well as the charges to suppliers that are considered here, electricity generators and gas producers are also charged for their use of the networks. It is important to note that trends in network costs will therefore also affect supplier costs indirectly through wholesale prices.

Methodology

  • Network costs are calculated by combining charging information published by the network companies with assumptions about consumption and losses for domestic customers.
  • All costs are calculated for medium annual typical domestic consumption values of 12,000kWh for gas and 3,100kWh of electricity, which is held fixed across the charging years. The actual network costs a supplier incurs to serve a customer will depend on how much energy is used, the timing of its use as well as the charges that apply from one year to the next.
  • The costs shown are GB averages, calculated by taking a simple unweighted average of the tariffs that apply in different regions of the country.
  • The costs are expressed in nominal money (i.e. the amount of money a customer ‘pays over the counter’), rather than in real terms (i.e. after adjusting for inflation). For electricity, the costs reported are for a standard unrestricted meter.
  • Balancing Services Use of System charges are not included on the chart. These charges cover the cost of services used to balance the electricity system and internal system operator operating costs.

The methodology we use to calculate these charges is consistent with our methodology for the Default Tariff Cap. Further details on the calculations are available in our Default Tariff Cap publications.

Further information

You can find further information on the different components making up an energy bill at Understand your gas and electricity bill.

To see how the network fits together, visit The energy network: How it works for you.

Date correct
March 2019
Policy areas