European regulatory bodies

Mae’r dudalen yma ar gael yn Gymraeg.

Council of European Energy Regulators (CEER)

CEER is a voluntary body that brings together the independent national energy regulators from the member states of the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). It acts as a focal point for cooperation, information exchange and assistance between Europe's national energy regulators and is their interface at EU and international level.

CEER also strives to share regulatory best practice worldwide through its membership of the International Confederation of Energy Regulators (ICER).

A number of CEER working groups have been established to take forward its activities. We are actively involved in many of these working groups as well as the Task Forces that carry out detailed work on gas and electricity markets.

Much of our work on the implementation of the Third Package, market surveillance and consumer issues is directed through CEER.

CEER is particularly active on consumer issues. It has produced together with BEUC, the European Consumer Association, the document, 2020 Vision for Europe's Energy Customers. This vision aims to improve retail energy markets through stronger consumer protection and empowerment.

Agency for Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER)

Established under the Third Package, ACER's mission is to assist National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) to perform their duties at EU level and to coordinate their actions whenever necessary. Its tasks include:

  • complementing and co-ordinating the work of NRAs, particularly regarding the development of Framework Guidelines
  • participating in the creation of European Network Codes with the ENTSO-E and ENTSO-G, ensuring network codes comply with the corresponding Framework Guidelines
  • monitoring of Regional Initiatives following a project-orientated and pan-European approach
  • offering opinions and recommendations on the EU 10-year network development plans
  • decisions on cross-border congestion management or on third party access exemptions
  • implementing Regulation on Market Transparency, adopted on 15 September 2011 - includes monitoring of trading activities in wholesale and retail markets to detect and prevent insider trading and market manipulation.

The Agency became fully operational in March 2011. Its headquarters are located in Ljubljana, Slovenia. 

We are actively involved in the work of ACER, contributing to the development of European Framework Guidelines and Network Codes, and cooperating with other regulators.

International Confederation of Energy Regulators (ICER)

ICER is a voluntary confederation that aims at exchanging information and best practices of regulation throughout the globe. 

ICER was established at the World Forum on Energy Regulation, in Athens, 2009. Its main purpose is to facilitate cooperation amongst energy regulators on the global scale and to raise public awareness of energy regulation and its role in tackling environmental, socio-economic and market issues.

We are actively involved in the work of the Confederation, and contribute to drafting reports and cooperating with other regulators.

European Regulators Group for Electricity and Gas (ERGEG)

ERGEG was the forerunner to ACER and ceased to exist from 1 July 2011. It was a formal advisory group to the European Commission, created by the Commission in 2003. Some of ERGEG's responsibilities were passed on to ACER (such as Regional Initiatives) and others (including consumer issues) to CEER.

All past works relating to ERGEG activity (documents, reports, public consultations and more) can be found on the CEER website.